The term diet refers to a person’s eating habit. There is a great variety of diets, some of them simply refer to a certain lifestyle, such as the Mediterranean diet or vegetarian diet. Therapeutic diets are designed for people with certain ailments, such as the gluten-free diet for celiac disease or the low-sodium diet for people with hypertension.
Slimming diets deserve a separate mention. There are countless fad diets, temporary diets, popular diets that promise to lose weight quickly, but rarely work, because when you leave the diet, it is very likely that you will regain the lost weight.
Vegetarian diets focus mainly on the consumption of products of vegetable origin (fruits, vegetables, legumes, vegetables, seeds, grains, etc.). There are three variants: the strict vegetarian diet, the lacto-vegetarian diet and the ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet.
Even people who follow strict vegetarian diets can be adequately nourished, always focusing on including foods rich in iron, protein, zinc, calcium and vitamin B12.
It is a diet inspired by the food commonly consumed in the villages along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It can be said to be a healthy diet, based mainly on fish, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc..
- Low sodium diet, for the treatment of high blood pressure: salt is eliminated in meals, also avoiding foods rich in sodium, such as cold cuts, sausages, canned foods, and so on.
- Gluten-free diet, for the treatment of celiac disease. Any food derived from wheat, oats, barley and rye is avoided.
- Diet low in purines, to avoid washed levels of uric acid in blood: the intake of: beer, sodas, liver, kidney, anchovies, sardines, cod, red meats and other foods rich in purines is notoriously reduced.
In this kind of diets there are infinity of variants, but it can be said that basically the diets to lose weight are subdivided into:
- Diets low in carbohydrates.
- Low-fat diets.
- Low calorie diets.
- Protein diets, low in carbohydrates.